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Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury


Whether caused by a car accident, a slip and fall, a work place injury, or any type of impact to the head; brain injuries can be  some of the most catastrophic and life changing injuries that people can suffer from. Whether it is a seemingly minor concussion or closed head injury or a major open head injury requiring multiple surgeries, the consequences can be far reaching and can affect people for the rest of the their lives. Scientists and doctors have only relatively recently realized that much of the damage caused by brain injuries is unseen and can manifest itself months and even years after the initial injury. This type of injury is a type of traumatic brain injury and can be caused by the trauma that the brain sustains when a person receives an impact to their head. The force of the impact or injury causes the brain to shake inside the skull and hit the walls of the skull. This shaking can cause damage to the brain and then swelling which can also cause further damage to the brain. Because the brain is such a complex organ, the harms caused by traumatic brain injury and how these harms reveal themselves as symptoms is something that is only fairly recently being understood by medicine and science. This means that even head injuries that appear to be relatively mild and appear to have no permanent impact or symptoms can have far reaching symptoms. Many times these symptoms may not show up in a person for months or even years after an injury. Therefore, it is vital to have an attorney who understands traumatic brain injuries and the harms that are caused by them.

The symptoms people experience from a traumatic brain injury can be extremely varied and can take months or even years to become noticeable. These symptoms can have dramatic impacts on people's lives and their families.

Even a seemingly mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as a concussion, where a person never looses consciousness can have severe long term impacts on people’s lives. People who have suffered from a TBI can suffer from headaches, memory loss (amnesia), attention deficits, mood swings, frustration, sleep disturbances, seizures, fatigue, dizziness, loss of balance, visual disturbances, and depression. Many times these symptoms are referred to as post concussive syndrome.

People who experience traumatic brain injury can suffer from the above listed symptoms as well as other more serious cognitive problems such as: learning, reasoning, judgment, problem solving, multitasking, organization, planning, decision making, and task completion.

Both attorney Howard Bullock and Nathan Veldhuis have extensive experience handling Virginia brain injury cases.


While in college, attorney Howard Bullock interned at a neuroscience laboratory at the Medical College of Virginia (MCV) where he conducted research studying traumatic brain injury and its effects on the brain. During his research, Howard Bullock realized that, the effects of a traumatic brain injury on each brain can be extremely variable, even in a controlled experiment, with effects ranging from mild memory deficits to complete cognitive and motor function disability. This means that traumatic brain injury affects people's brains extremely differently. Therefore, it is extremely important to have an attorney who understands how trauma affects the brain not just in the short term, but also understands the long term impact that traumatic brain injury can have on a person's life.

Attorney Nathan Veldhuis has a degree in biomedical ethics from George Mason University and has served as a professor at the university of Virginia. Attorney Nathan Veldhuis has written several articles about traumatic brain injury which can be found here

If you or a friend or family member have been affected by a traumatic brain injury call or email the Law Offices of Veldhuis & Bullock today for a free consultation with an attorney who is experienced with the complexities involving traumatic brain injury and its effects.